One in four doctorate candidates in Sweden are foreign citizens. There were 4,179 of them in 2008 in a PhD student population of 16,900, an increase since 1999 of 62%. Of newly-recruited doctoral students in 2008, 32% or 1040 people were foreigners, up from 19% in 1999. The annual increase was 19% between 2007 and 2008 alone, indicating a significant change in the recruitment pattern.
“Almost half the graduated doctorates from abroad still live in Sweden five years after graduation”